Non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) is defined as elevated cardiac biomarkers of necrosis in the absence of persistent ST-segment elevation in the setting of anginal symptoms or other acute event. It carries a poorer prognosis than most ST-segment elevation events, owing to the typical comorbidity burden of the older NSTEMI patients as well as diverse etiologies that add complexity to therapeutic decision-making. It may result from an acute atherothrombotic event ('Type 1') or as the result of other causes of mismatch of myocardial oxygen supply and demand ('Type 2'). Regardless of type and other clinical factors, the hospital medicine specialist is increasingly responsible for managing or coordinating the care of these patients. Following published guidelines for risk stratification and basing anti-anginal, anticoagulant, antiplatelet, other pharmacologic therapies, and overall management approach on that individualized patient risk assessment can be expected to result in better short- and long-term clinical outcomes, including near-term readmission and recurrent events. We present here a review of the evidence basis and expert commentary to assist the hospitalist in achieving those improved outcomes in NSTEMI. Given that the Society for Hospital Medicine cites care of patients with acute coronary syndrome as a core competency for hospitalists, it is essential that those specialists stay current on optimal NSTEMI care.
Pollack, Charles V; Amin, Alpesh; Wang, Tracy; Deitelzweig, Steven; Cohen, Marc; Slattery, David; Fanikos, John; DiLascia, Christopher; Tuder, Regan; and Kaatz, Scott, "Contemporary NSTEMI management: the role of the hospitalist." (2020). Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers. Paper 116.
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