Proteomic insights into mhc class i antigen processing and presentation

Elliot Goodenough, Thomas Jefferson University

Abstract

The classical model of MHC class I antigen processing prescribes a critical role for the ubiquitin-proteasome system in generating peptides to display for CD8+ T cell surveillance. However, multiple exceptions to this pathway have been described. Using large-scale proteomic methods as well as model experiments, we explore 1) the non-proteasomal enzymes responsible for generating or destroying an influenza virus epitope; 2) the role of ubiquitin-independent antigen processing in shaping the MHC class I peptidome; and 3) the contribution to the MHC class I peptide repertoire of aminoglycoside-induced translational readthrough of stop codons. Our findings indicate a significant role for non-classical MHC class I antigen processing. This includes extra-proteasomal proteases we identify as destroying the influenza epitope NP147-155, as well as an impact from ubiquitin-independent pathways that challenges the centrality of the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Additionally, we demonstrate that the non-standard translational events induced by gentamicin can reveal cryptic MHC class I epitopes, with implications for autoimmunity. These observations suggest a substantial contribution from processes that operate outside of the classically described pathways of MHC class I antigen processing.

Subject Area

Cellular biology|Immunology

Recommended Citation

Goodenough, Elliot, "Proteomic insights into mhc class i antigen processing and presentation" (2014). ETD Collection for Thomas Jefferson University. AAI3616853.
https://jdc.jefferson.edu/dissertations/AAI3616853

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