Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Management (DMgt)

First Advisor

Joel Alder, PhD

Second Advisor

Larry M. Starr, PhD

Third Advisor

Donna Bouclier


This dissertation focuses on a shift in the case management function in New Jersey’s Division of Developmental Disabilities. The shift, predicated on the state operating within the Medicaid Home and Community Based Model, resulted in a restructuring from exclusively state operated services to a new public/private relationship. The focus of this study was the unique market opportunity that resulted and the engagement of social entrepreneurs. Using the framework developed by Dees (1998), the characteristics of a social entrepreneur were explored. Through semi-structured interviews with individuals who initiated new for-profit businesses in social services, data were collected that evaluated and compared their expressed motivations with the framework as a means of formally defining them as social entrepreneurs.


A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Doctor of Management in Strategic Leadership