Document Type


Publication Date



This article has been peer reviewed. It is the authors' final version prior to publication in Echocardiography, Volume 30, Issue 2, February 2013, Pages 180-189.

The published version is available at DOI: 10.1111/echo.12028. Copyright © Wiley


Data on the distribution of dyssynchrony in subjects with normal ejection fraction (EF) and normal QRS are scarce. We studied 100 subjects with no known cardiac disease (52% male, mean age 60 ± 17 years) using velocity vector imaging (VVI). Seventeen percent had septal to lateral (S-L) wall longitudinal delay >75 msec, 63% of subjects had S-L wall radial delay >75 msec, and 25% had a circumferential opposing wall delay >100 msec. Those with circumferential opposing wall delay of >100 msec had a lower EF (57 ± 5% vs. 62 ± 5%, P < 0.05). In an additional group of 33 patients, we compared the longitudinal dyssynchrony parameters as assessed by VVI and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and found them to be comparable. In conclusion, we find significant variation in time to peak velocities in subjects with no known cardiac disease, who had a normal left ventricular ejection fraction and QRS duration. VVI is comparable to TDI.

PubMed ID


Included in

Cardiology Commons