PCTP (phosphatidylcholine transfer protein) was discovered recently to regulate aggregation of human platelets stimulated with PAR4 activating peptide (PAR4AP). However, the role of PCTP following thrombin stimulation, the mechanisms by which PCTP contributes to platelet activation, and the role of PCTP with other receptors remained unknown. As mouse platelets do not express PCTP, we treated human platelets with various agonists in the presence of the specific PCTP inhibitor A1. We observed that PCTP inhibition significantly reduced dense granule secretion in response to thrombin, PAR1AP, PAR4AP, convulxin (GPVI agonist) and FcγRIIA crosslinking. In contrast, among these agonists, PCTP inhibition reduced aggregation only to low dose thrombin and PAR4AP. Unlike its effects on dense granule secretion, PCTP inhibition did not reduce alpha granule secretion in response to thrombin or PAR4AP. PCTP inhibition reduced both the increase in cytoplasmic Ca2+ as well as PKC activity downstream of thrombin. These data are consistent with PCTP contributing to secretion of dense granules, and to being particularly important to human PAR4 early signaling events. Future studies will address further these molecular mechanisms and consequences for hemostasis and thrombosis.
Abraham, Shaji; Ma, Lin; Kong, Xianguo; Askari, Shayan; Edelstein, Leonard; and McKenzie, Steven, "PCTP contributes to human platelet activation by enhancing dense granule secretion" (2021). Cardeza Foundation for Hematologic Research. Paper 60.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.