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This article has been peer reviewed. It is the authors' final version prior to publication in Journal of Clinical Anesthesia

Volume 24, Issue 3, May 2012, Pages 185-192.

The published version is available at DOI: 10.1016/j.jclinane.2011.07.011. Copyright © Elsevier Inc.


STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the phase of menstrual cycle influences the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in women undergoing general anesthesia for elective laparoscopic gynecological surgery.

DESIGN: Prospective, observational, blinded study.

SETTING: General hospital, Postanesthesia Care Unit, and gynecologic floor room.

PATIENTS: 111 ASA physical status 1 and 2 women, aged 18 to 53 years.

INTERVENTIONS: Patients were classified into three groups according to the phase of menstrual cycle at the time of anesthesia: Group F1: follicular phase (menstrual days 1-8; n = 34); Group O2: ovulatory phase (days 9-15; n = 40); and Group L3: luteal phase (days 16 to end of cycle; n = 37). Anesthetic, postoperative pain management, and antiemetic regimens were standardized.

MEASUREMENTS: Frequency of nausea, vomiting, or both were assessed for early (0-2 hrs). Late PONV (2-24 hrs) along with the use of rescue antiemetic, severity of nausea, and pain.

MAIN RESULTS: In the follicular (n = 34), ovulatory (n = 40) and luteal phase (n = 37) groups, the frequencies of PONV over 24 hours were 35%, 38%, and 14% (P = 0.04), respectively. This was due to differences in the early postoperative period where the frequencies were 21%, 25%, and 3% (P = 0.02), respectively, as frequencies were similar in the late period (15%, 20% and 14%, P = 0.71), respectively. Nausea scores, rescue antiemetic usage, pain scores, and opioid consumption were similar in the groups.

CONCLUSION: Patients in the luteal phase of their menstrual cycle may have a decreased risk of PONV after laparoscopic gynecological surgery in the early postoperative period.

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