Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-1-2017

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This article has been peer reviewed. It is the author’s final published version in Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

Volume 65, Issue 11, November 2017, Article number e1151.

The published version is available at DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_752_17. Copyright © Shields et al.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the corticosteroids for uveal effusion syndrome (UES).

METHODS: Retrospective series of 104 eyes with UES treated with oral corticosteroids (OCS), periocular corticosteroids (PCS), topical corticosteroids (TCS), or observation (OBS). Main outcome measure was UES resolution.

RESULTS: Of 104 eyes, treatment included OCS (n = 27), PCS (n = 12), TCS (n = 11), and OBS (n = 54). A comparison of the four groups (OCS vs. PCS vs. TCS vs. OBS) revealed differences in those managed with OCS versus OBS as younger (66 vs. 72 years, P = 0.049), PCS versus OBS as male (100% vs. 54%, P = 0.002), PCS versus OBS with decreased visual acuity (VA)/visual field (91% vs. 51%, P = 0.018), and OBS versus OCS as asymptomatic (28% vs. 0%, P = 0.001). Of the 59 with follow-up information, management included OCS (n = 21), PCS (n = 12), TCS (n = 6), and OBS (n = 20). There were differences in initial VA <20/400 in PCS versus OBS (42% vs. 5%, P = 0.018), effusion thickness in TCS versus OCS (7 vs. 3 mm, P = 0.004), and serous retinal detachment in PCS versus OBS (100% vs. 30%, P < 0.001) and PCS versus OCS (100% vs. 57%, P = 0.012). Regarding outcomes, VA showed less worsening in OCS versus OBS (0% vs. 30%, P = 0.008) and OCS versus PCS (0% vs. 33%, P = 0.012). There was no difference in rate of effusion resolution or effusion recurrence. Overall, using combination of corticosteroid therapies, effusion resolution was achieved in 56/59 (95%) cases and the need for surgical management with scleral windows was necessary in only 3/59 (5%) cases. Complications included cataract (n = 9) and no instance of steroid-induced glaucoma.

CONCLUSION: Management of UES is complex and depends on disease severity. Using various corticosteroid delivery routes, UES control was achieved in 95%, and scleral window surgery was required in only 5%. A trial of corticosteroids can benefit patients with UES.

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