Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-2014

Comments

This article is the final published version in Cell Calcium Volume 55, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages 17-23.

The published version is available at DOI: 10.1016/j.ceca.2013.10.005 Copyright © Elsevier

Abstract

The Ca(2+) content in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) determines the amount of Ca(2+) released, thereby regulating the magnitude of Ca(2+) transient and contraction in cardiac muscle. The Ca(2+) content in the SR is known to be regulated by two factors: the activity of the Ca(2+) pump (SERCA) and Ca(2+) leak through the ryanodine receptor (RyR). However, the direct relationship between the SERCA activity and Ca(2+) leak has not been fully investigated in the heart. In the present study, we evaluated the role of the SERCA activity in Ca(2+) leak from the SR using a novel saponin-skinned method combined with transgenic mouse models in which the SERCA activity was genetically modulated. In the SERCA overexpression mice, the Ca(2+) uptake in the SR was significantly increased and the Ca(2+) transient was markedly increased. However, Ca(2+) leak from the SR did not change significantly. In mice with overexpression of a negative regulator of SERCA, sarcolipin, the Ca(2+) uptake by the SR was significantly decreased and the Ca(2+) transient was markedly decreased. Again, Ca(2+) leak from the SR did not change significantly. In conclusion, the selective modulation of the SERCA activity modulates Ca(2+) uptake, although it does not change Ca(2+) leak from the SR.

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