Hemorrhagic complications on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are common because of the need for anticoagulation to maintain the oxygenator and circuitry. Gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) is reported to occur in 3-6% of ECMO patients, 1 requiring frequent transfusions as well as multiple diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. Multiple transfusions can result in volume overload, coagulopathies and infections leading to significant morbidity and mortality. We present the first published case of GIB from an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) treated with a novel therapy termed spiral enteroscopy while the patient remained on venoarterial (VA) ECMO.
Recommended CitationSarosiek, Konrad; Hirose, Hitoshi; Pitcher, Harrison T; and Cavarocchi, Nicholas C., "Adult ECMO and gastrointestinal bleeding from small bowel arteriovenous malformations: A novel treatment using spiral enteroscopy." (2012). Department of Surgery Faculty Papers. Paper 75.