Who the Bhutanese Refugees Are 
- Mid-19th Century: Nepalese farmers recruited to work farmlands of Southern Bhutan (called Lhotshampa, or “southerners”)
- Lhotshampa retained Nepali and Hindu customs, but lived in peace with the Drukpa (Buddhist elite) majority for many years
- 1989: “One Nation, One People” policy of ethnic cleansing: Drukpa culture imposed on all Bhutanese
- Torture, sexual assault and murder forced over 130,000 Lhotshampa to flee Bhutan
- These refugees spent decades of their lives in camps in Nepal (many still remain there)
- Over 68,000 have resettled to the USA, many coming to South Philadelphia 
Recommended CitationWells, Sarah, "The State of Healthcare for Bhutanese Refugees in South Philadelphia: Challenges & Progress" (2013). CWiC-PH. Poster 28.