Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-14-2017

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This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. It is reproduced with permission

The published version is available at DOI: 10.3389/fncel.2017.00233

Abstract

Coordinated interactions between cytokine signaling and morphological dynamics of microglial cells regulate neuroinflammation in CNS injury and disease. We found that pro-inflammatory cytokine gene expression in vivo showed a pronounced recovery following systemic LPS. We performed a novel multivariate analysis of microglial morphology and identified changes in specific morphological properties of microglia that matched the expression dynamics of pro-inflammatory cytokine TNFα. The adaptive recovery kinetics of TNFα expression and microglial soma size showed comparable profiles and dependence on anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 expression. The recovery of cytokine variations and microglial morphology responses to inflammation were negatively regulated by IL-10. Our novel morphological analysis of microglia is able to detect subtle changes and can be used widely. We implemented in silico simulations of cytokine network dynamics which showed-counter-intuitively, but in line with our experimental observations-that negative feedback from IL-10 was sufficient to impede the adaptive recovery of TNFα-mediated inflammation. Our integrative approach is a powerful tool to study changes in specific components of microglial morphology for insights into their functional states, in relation to cytokine network dynamics, during CNS injury and disease.

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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