Incidence of fracture in adjacent levels in patients treated with balloon kyphoplasty: a review of the literature.

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This article has been peer reviewed. It was published in: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine

Volume 1, Issue 1, March 2008, Pages 61-64.

The published version is available at DOI: 10.1007/s12178-007-9007-y. Copyright © Springer


The available evidence suggests that the treatment of painful vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) secondary to osteoporosis or multiple myeloma, by cement augmentation with balloon kyphoplasty (BK), is both safe and effective. However, there is uncertainty in the literature concerning the potential of the procedure to influence the risk for adjacent segment fracture. The aim of this article is to review the available peer-reviewed literature, regarding adjacent vertebral body fractures after kyphoplasty augmentation.