Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2015

Comments

This article has been peer reviewed. It was published in: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015, Pages 824-827.

The published version is available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4715408/

Copyright © 2015 Iran University of Medical Sciences

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 3.0 License (CC BY-NC 3.0), which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study compares the clinical characteristics of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (mTLE-HS) with those who have temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) due to other etiologies.

METHODS: In this retrospective study all patients with a clinical diagnosis of TLE were recruited in a referral outpatient epilepsy clinic at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences from September 2008 to May 2013. We classified the patients with TLE as having mesial temporal sclerosis if they had clear signs of mesial temporal sclerosis and/or atrophy in their MRI and others who had any other MRI abnormality.

RESULTS: A total of 174 patients were studied (including 105 patients with mTLE-HS and 69 patients with TLE due to other etiologies). Frequency of seizure types was not significantly different between these two groups. Earlier age at epilepsy onset (p= 0.005), a past history of febrile seizures (p= 0.010) and presence of affective auras (p= 0.008) were commonly seen in patients with mTLEHS, while auditory auras (p= 0.020) were more frequent in those with TLE due to other etiologies.

CONCLUSION: The mainstay for making a correct diagnosis, when evaluating a patient with seizure, is having a standardized approach, particularly with regard to taking a detailed clinical history. One may find important clues in the clinical history (e.g., age at disease onset, detailed seizure description and past history) to make a correct diagnosis.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License

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