Decreased expression of specific microRNAs (miRNAs) occurs in human tumors, which suggests a function for miRNAs in tumor suppression. Herein, levels of the miR-17-5p/miR-20a miRNA cluster were inversely correlated to cyclin D1 abundance in human breast tumors and cell lines. MiR-17/20 suppressed breast cancer cell proliferation and tumor colony formation by negatively regulating cyclin D1 translation via a conserved 3' untranslated region miRNA-binding site, thereby inhibiting serum-induced S phase entry. The cell cycle effect of miR-17/20 was abrogated by cyclin D1 siRNA and in cyclin D1-deficient breast cancer cells. Mammary epithelial cell-targeted cyclin D1 expression induced miR-17-5p and miR-20a expression in vivo, and cyclin D1 bound the miR-17/20 cluster promoter regulatory region. In summary, these studies identify a novel cyclin D1/miR-17/20 regulatory feedback loop through which cyclin D1 induces miR-17-5p/miR-20a. In turn, miR-17/20 limits the proliferative function of cyclin D1, thus linking expression of a specific miRNA cluster to the regulation of oncogenesis.
Recommended CitationYu, Zuoren; Wang, Chenguang; Wang, Min; Li, Zhiping; Casimiro, Mathew C; Liu, Manran; Wu, Kongming; Whittle, James; Ju, Xiaoming; Hyslop, Terry; McCue, Peter; and Pestell, Richard G, "A cyclin D1/microRNA 17/20 regulatory feedback loop in control of breast cancer cell proliferation." (2008). Faculty papers Kimmel Cancer Center. Paper 23.