This article presents an overview of the current knowledge and practice of ECT. It provides a brief history of the development of ECT followed by a discussion of the accepted indications for ECT in psychiatric practice, including major depression, bipolar disorder (mania and depression), and schizophrenia. Moreover, a description of the technique of performing ECT is given. Also examined are the use of ECT in medically ill patients and the risks associated with ECT. In conclusion, with the aid of advances in anesthesia and the delivery of ECT, electroconvulsive therapy is a safe and effective treatment of mood and psychotic disorders that have been resistant to other treatment modalities.
Kenning, Tyler; Mago, Ranjnish; Huege, Steven; Certa, Kenneth; and Pelchat, Rodney
"Electroconvulsive Therapy: A Review of Its Current Status,"
Jefferson Journal of Psychiatry: Vol. 19
, Article 1.
Available at: http://jdc.jefferson.edu/jeffjpsychiatry/vol19/iss1/1