Jefferson Journal of Psychiatry


Neuroleptic malignant syndrome is a potentially fatal complication of neuroleptic treatment. It is characterized by a variery of signs and symptoms associated with autonomic instability, and hypothalamic and extrapyramidal dysfunction. Since other medical disorders may mimic its clinical presentation, the accurate recognition of this syndrome in the medical setting is often a diagnostic dilemma. Three medically ill patients with a clinical presentation suggestive of neuroleptic malignant syndrome are presented here. The authors discuss the complexity of making the diagnosis, and offer a brief review of the literature.

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