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Download Cover, Foreword, Introduction, and Table of Contents - pp. 1-36 (51307 KB)

Download Chapter 1: The Early Years (1824-40) - pp. 38-69 (36981 KB)

Download Chapter 2: Mid-nineteenth-century Period of Growth - pp. 70-121 (56890 KB)

Download Chapter 3: Thomas Eakins as a Scientist and His Relationship with Jefferson Medical College - pp. 122-161 (42003 KB)

Download Chapter 4: The Gross Clinic by Thomas Eakins - pp. 162-213 (60061 KB)

Download Chapter 5: Late Nineteenth Century: Growth of Clinical and Laboratory Facilities - pp. 214-251 (41078 KB)

Download Chapter 6: The Turn of the Century: Expansion of the Medical School and Hospital - pp. 252-315 (71767 KB)

Download Chapter 7: The Nineteen-twenties through World War II - pp. 316-395 (98334 KB)

Download Chapter 8: Postwar Period through the Nineteen-sixties - pp. 396-459 (79534 KB)

Download Chapter 9: The Seventies to the Mid-eighties - pp. 460-531 (87883 KB)

Download Chapter 10: Late Eighties through the Nineteen-nineties - pp. 532-597 (71275 KB)

Download Chapter 11: Nonmedical Art Objects - pp. 598-643 (61404 KB)

Download Chapter 12: European Medicine and its Practitioners - pp. 644-716 (88649 KB)

Download Color Plates (80354 KB)

Download Index.pdf (4728 KB)


On March 11, 1871 Samuel D. Gross, M.D., the internationally celebrated surgeon and author, entreated fellow Jefferson alumni to "adorn the halls" with portraits of those who had "devoted their lives to the service of the school," and thus "inspire the pupil with ambition to excel in great and noble works." This clarion call to emulate European medical and scientific institutions by memorializing their great men was taken up almost immediately.

One hundred and twenty-five years later, Thomas Jefferson university is still securing portraits, accepting art donations and bequests, and exhibiting art works effectively. By manifesting an appreciation for the power of art to teach, inspire, and enlighten, the university continues to honor Gross's profound idea. The consciousness of succeeding generations of Jeffersonians, who undergo daily the intense pressures of professional study and practice, has been uplifted by an abundant display of visual arts.

Individual art objects considered collectively can construct a pictorial history of and describe the spirit of the institution. The Jefferson collection is diverse enough to trace a meaningful history of public portrait trends in late-nineteenth- and twentieth-century Philadelphia.

By Julie S. Berkowitz



Publication Date



Thomas Jefferson University




Thomas Jefferson University, Jefferson Medical College, Art, Thomas Eakins, European Medicine, portrait, art history


American Art and Architecture | Ancient, Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Art and Architecture | History of Science, Technology, and Medicine | Home Economics