Echogenic material (EM) on non-infected leads in patients with cardiac implantable device is common on transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Although several morphologic characteristics of EM are more commonly seen in transvenous lead-associated endocarditis, these characteristics alone are not diagnostic for lead-associated endocardiatis. Lead-associated EM on TEE should be interpreted within the overall clinical context.
Recommended CitationOkabe, MD, Toshimasa; Mehrotra, MD, Praveen; Siu, MD, Henry; and Greenspon, MD, Arnold J., "Evaluation of Echogenic Material on Transvenous Leads by Transesophageal Echocardiography in Patients with and without Lead-associated Endocarditis" (2014). Cardiology Faculty Papers. Paper 45.