Infections are a devastating complication of titanium alloy orthopedic implants. Current therapy includes antibiotic-impregnated bone cement and antibiotic-containing coatings. We hypothesized that daptomycin, a Gram-positive peptide antibiotic, could prevent bacterial colonization on titanium alloy surfaces if covalently bonded via a flexible, hydrophilic spacer. We designed and synthesized a series of daptomycin conjugates for bonding to the surface of 1.0 cm² Ti6Al4V foils through bisphosphonate groups, reaching a maximum yield of 180 pmol/cm². Daptomycin-bonded foils killed 53 ± 5% of a high challenge dose of 3 × 10⁵ cfu Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213.
Recommended CitationChen, Chang-Po and Wickstrom, Eric, "Self-protecting bactericidal titanium alloy surface formed by covalent bonding of daptomycin bisphosphonates." (2010). Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers. Paper 22.